Strong relationships with adults can reduce suicide attempts among high school students — study
A recent study shows that maintaining relationships with peers and adult personnel at school leads to fewer suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts among high school students.
Participants of the study, which was published in the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, were invited to name seven people who they considered their closest friends at school. They were then asked to mention seven adults there such as teachers and counselors, whom they trusted most to discuss their problems with.
The gap between the students who declared being able to confide in at least one adult at their high school and those who could not proved to be large: 8.3% for the high school which was scored the lowest, 53.4% for that scoring highest.
The results showed that the students who had few friends and were not part of a group were more susceptible to suicidal thoughts and were more likely to attempt suicide than others. While these initial conclusions seem unsurprising, they are actually similar to those made when relationships between students and adults were taken into account.
An increase of 20% in suicide attempts was observed in high schools where 10% of the students felt isolated from adults. Inversely, there were fewer suicide attempts in schools where students and their close friends share close relationships with the same adult, and where a smaller number of “trustworthy” adults were named by a larger proportion of students.
In light of these results, the researchers encourage the development of student groups at school institutions aimed at promoting positive social behaviors and the inclusion of trained adults in these groups to interact with and help students in case of need.
In the United States, suicide is the second leading cause of death in young people aged from 10 to 18. On the occasion of International Suicide Prevention Day yesterday, Sept. 10, associations called to break the silence around the subject of suicide and to dedicate more resources to helping young people in distress. RGA/JB
Subscribe to INQUIRER PLUS to get access to The Philippine Daily Inquirer & other 70+ titles, share up to 5 gadgets, listen to the news, download as early as 4am & share articles on social media. Call 896 6000.