Sunday, March 18, 2018
Philippines is home to 30 types of whales and dolphins also of the rarest of them all—the pygmy sperm whale

Search for rarest species of whales, dolphins begins in PH’s Bais

/ 02:24 PM December 08, 2017

Like little kids at play, dolphins cavort and blow bubbles among themselves. They also use air to corral prey, creating bubble-nets to drive schools of fish like sardines into tight balls where they can be easily caught and eaten. Photo by Gregg Yan



Like a sports team before a big game, we clasp our hands and bow our heads in prayer – except we’re in the middle of the sea – and we’re surrounded by sweaty boatmen.


Captain Ricardo Reynaldo finishes his prayer and gestures to the water, strangely calm this morning.

“The Tañon Strait is famous for its dolphins and whales. Each has its own personality:  bottlenose dolphins stay near the shallows, while acrobatic spinner dolphins ply open waters. Larger Risso’s dolphins like to float upside down, tails sticking out of the water – but the rarest creature of all is the pygmy sperm whale. It is very shy and only passes through our waters. It has been three months since I saw one. But perhaps,” he smiles. “Someone down there heard our prayers.”

Aboard the M/Bca Ezrha, our sea-squad sailed from Bais to the center of the Tañon Strait to come face-to-face with dolphins.

The Pod

Thirty minutes on, we’re swapping tales and eating breakfast on the boat, eyes occasionally scanning the horizon for our quarry. I’m talking with a Marine Corps officer about his adventures in Mindanao when the grizzled boat Captain points to a seemingly empty patch of sea, abuzz with red-necked phalaropes. “There! Look at the birds!”

A league off, blue water begins to churn under the circling phalaropes. In seconds half-a-dozen people are scrambling for their SLRs and compact cameras. Breakfast is swiftly forgotten.

Dolphins painted on a tour boat come to life in Bais, where visitors can see and interact with hundreds of cetaceans on a good day. Bais is 45 kilometers northwest of Dumaguete, Negros Oriental about an hour’s drive away. Photo by Gregg Yan

Our boat approached the site – a roiling, bubbling mass, seabirds squawking overhead. “It is a bait-ball, a giant school of sardines or other small fish driven up from the depths,” explains one of our boatmen. By its fringes I note dark, triangular dorsal fins. Dolphins. And dozens of them!

Suddenly, they started jumping. Ooohs and Ahhhs fill the air – along with claps and cheers. I grinned as I caught myself clapping along with everyone else. I’ve been watching dolphins for years and it’s like this every time.


One of them takes a peak at the people doing the whale- and dolphin-watching above water. Indo-pacific bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops aduncus) are among the friendliest creatures in Bais. Photo by Gregg Yan

Whales and Dolphins of the Philippines

Cetaceans include about 90 species of whales, dolphins and porpoises. They’re mammals – not fish. About 30 cetacean species inhabit or pass through Philippine waters, ranging from the 2.5-meter Irrawaddy dolphin to the 30-meter blue whale. The Tañon Strait, a 161-kilometer channel dividing Cebu and Negros, is home to 14 types of cetaceans, most of which can be seen around Bais City, a quaint coastal town near Dumaguete in Negros Oriental.

“Cetaceans are extremely important for the marine ecosystem,” said Marine Wildlife Watch of the Philippines Director Dr. AA Yaptinchay. “Most are apex or top-level predators which regulate populations of fish and squid – thereby keeping the ecosystem balanced to promote diversity. The bigger whales, especially filter-feeders, contribute to nutrient distribution in the sea through a ‘whale pump’ – thereby fertilizing the sea surface with their poop, which encourages plankton growth.”

AA and his Marine Wildlife Watch of the Philippines crew have been working to conserve cetaceans and other charismatic species for years.

Tour operator Ricky Andaya Soler sports an Oceana shirt. Oceana is a global nonprofit organization dedicated to saving the world’s oceans to feed a billion people seafood every day, forever. Photo by Gregg Yan

Once hunted and slaughtered for their meat and blubber, all cetaceans are now protected in the Philippines by the amended Fisheries Code. Still, many die because of accidental entanglement in fishing gear, which can cause the air-breathing mammals to suffocate or drown. Known as bycatch, this causes the deaths of over 300,000 whales, dolphins and porpoises globally every year. Other threats include marine debris and plastic pollution, habitat destruction, overfishing and hunting, which sadly still occurs in remote parts of the country.


“Charismatic creatures like dolphins bring in millions of Pesos from ecotourism, enriching the lives of the people of Bais and other coastal areas. Together with our allies, we work to conserve fisheries in the Tañon Strait by looking at the no-nonsense implementation of our fisheries and environmental laws to protect marine ecosystems and resources. This ensures that our beloved dolphins will always have food to eat, while protecting the livelihoods of our coastal residents. When done right, tourism is solid proof that many animals are worth more alive than dead,” said Atty. Gloria Estenzo-Ramos, head of Oceana in the Philippines.

A Special Treat

Back on the boat, we observed the Tañon Strait’s stars in action. They’re spinner dolphins, distinguished by their elongated snouts and crazy, acrobatic leaps. Some somersault, some do lay-outs and some – just to show off – do complicated corkscrews, spinning thrice before landing. They’re best viewed here – in the wild, which is much not comparable to animals performing and suffering in captive entertainment facilities.

After a few frenzied minutes, Captain Reynaldo shouts the three words we’ve been waiting for all morning: “Pygmy sperm whales!”

Drawn to the commotion, a pair of them came to snap up what the dolphins have missed. We don’t approach, staying the prescribed 100 meters from larger whales. I snap shots as fast as I can but they’re too far out. Remembering my favorite scene from Walter Mitty, I exhale and – reluctantly at first – lower my camera. I take in the moment and realize that often, the best life memories should be recorded with one’s eyes – not a lens. After a magical minute, they’re gone.

Soon more boats arrived and we headed back to Bais to let other visitors enjoy. Captain Reynaldo unleashed the coup-de-grace – cold drinks and watermelons. Frozen watermelons. We laughed and start to dive in. As the dolphins and whales have their breakfast, so do we. /jpv

Author Gregg Yan is a Reader’s Digest award-winning environmentalist based in the Philippines. Photo by Danny Ocampo

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TAGS: Bais, dolphins, Environment, Negros Oriental, rare species, whales
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