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How AI can help budding poets sort out their stanza

/ 03:19 PM December 01, 2020
20201201 Artificial intelligence poets

Verse by Verse lets users choose their ‘muses’ from a selection of classic American poets. Image: Google via AFP Relaxnews.

Having a hard time with your rhymes? Fear not, artificial intelligence is on hand to help with writers’ block. Google recently launched a new tool called Verse by Verse to help budding poets create verses worthy of Emily Dickinson or Edgar Allan Poe.

The strict meters of formal verse can be enough to have any aspiring poet doubting their vocation. Now, Google is offering budding bards a helping hand with Verse by Verse, billed as an “AI-powered muse that helps you compose poetry inspired by classic American poets.”

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As a starting point, the tech giant is offering wannabe wordsmiths a choice of three big names from American poetry, including Emma Lazarus, James Weldon Johnson and Lydia Huntley Sigourney. The artificial intelligence behind the tool then draws on the poets’ styles for inspiration when creating new verses. Users simply have to state their preferences as to the poetic form, syllable count and rhyme. Whether classic quatrains or couplets or free verse full of blistering rhymes — you decide.

Once the parameters are set, the AI works its magic. After penning a first verse, the AI will offer several proposed continuations of the poem. While Verse by Verse could draw on the transcendentalism of Ralph Waldo Emerson for your second verse, it may provide a final flourish with the musical verses of Georgia Douglas Johnson.

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“In this application, there are two models at work. One model, a generative model, was trained on classic poetry in order to learn how to create novel verses in the style of our cadre of poets. The other model, which uses the same semantic understanding technology as our other applications, was trained to semantically understand which verses best follow the previously written line of verse,” as per Google on its website.

Making haikus from news stories

Although the Verse by Verse tool may draw dismay from poetry purists, this is not the first time that AI has tried its virtual hand at literature.

Journalists from The New York Times and The Financial Times have developed algorithms capable of forming haikus out of news stories. This initiative may be highly original, but it could lead some to wonder whether robot poets will one day be winning major literary prizes.

There is no need to panic just yet, according to the American developer Jacob Harris.

“[T]he machine has no aesthetic sense. It can’t distinguish between an elegant verse and a plodding one. But, when it does stumble across something beautiful or funny or just a gem of a haiku, human journalists select it and post it on this blog,” he said on the Times Haiku web page. Whether or not you’re a human or a robot, it’s a hard life being a poet. CC

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TOPICS: algorithms, Artificial Intelligence, Google, Literature, poetry, Verse by Verse
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